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Syria

    The Great Mosque of the Umayyads

    • `Amarah al Juwaniyah, Syria
    • The Great Mosque of the Umayyads$$
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      Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus - one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. It is located in the historic center of the Syrian city of Damascus and is a great historical and architectural value.

      Umayyad Mosque was built in the beginning of the eighth century on the site of the former Christian church of St. John the Baptist. The mosque named after Caliph Walid I of the Umayyad dynasty, who gave the order for construction. For the construction of the building were invited to the best Architects of Rome, Constantinople, Persia, India. In architectural terms mosque resembles a Byzantine palace. Built it more than a decade, finishing widely used in gold, pearls, mother of pearl and marble. Courtyard of the mosque on all sides surrounded by arched gallery, and the floor is paved with polished slabs.

      For Muslims, the Umayyad Mosque has the status of a cult shrine to her conduct religious pilgrimage. The mosque's head and kept the relics of John the Baptist, who is revered as a great prophet in Islam and in Christianity. Also at the mosque is the tomb of Salah al-Din, a famous Muslim Sultan and religious leader.

      Umayyad Mosque - a wonderful and sublime place to let the representatives of all faiths. Beauty and the scale of the building is breathtaking, and the mosque is a huge success among tourists.

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